金牌一尾中特

國務院新聞辦公室新聞發布會材料

全國脫貧攻堅進展情況

(2016年10月13日)

國務院扶貧開發領導小組辦公室

黨中央、國務院高度重視脫貧攻堅工作。2015年11月底中央扶貧開發工作會議召開,習近平總書記、李克強總理發表重要講話,中共中央、國務院印發《關于打贏脫貧攻堅戰的決定》(以下簡稱《決定》),對“十三五”脫貧攻堅作出全面部署。一年來,脫貧攻堅戰全面展開,重點任務進展順利,形成了全黨全社會合力促脫貧攻堅的良好局面。

一、層層落實責任,形成脫貧攻堅領導機制

貧困地區各級黨委和政府按照中央決策部署,堅持把脫貧攻堅作為重中之重,黨政主要領導親自掛帥,真正把脫貧攻堅責任扛在肩上、工作抓在手上、目標任務記在心上。召開脫貧攻堅工作會議,層層簽訂脫貧攻堅責任書。21個省明確由黨委和政府主要領導同志擔任省級扶貧開發領導小組雙組長,強化扶貧機構建設,形成了省、市、縣、鄉、村五級書記抓脫貧攻堅的局面。

創新機制,加強脫貧攻堅頂層設計。中共中央辦公廳、國務院辦公廳先后印發《決定》重要政策措施任務分工方案、《省級黨委和政府扶貧開發工作成效考核辦法》、《關于建立貧困退出機制的意見》、《脫貧攻堅督查巡查工作辦法》、《關于支持貧困縣開展統籌整合使用財政涉農資金試點的意見》,國務院扶貧開發領導小組印發《關于建立重大涉貧事件處置反饋機制的意見》。中央組織部部署加強基層黨建促脫貧,印發《關于脫貧攻堅期內保持貧困縣黨政正職穩定的通知》。

二、組織編制“十三五”脫貧攻堅規劃,形成脫貧攻堅政策體系

黨的十八屆五中全會審議通過《中共中央關于制定國民經濟和社會發展第十三個五年規劃的建議》,把農村貧困人口脫貧作為全面建成小康社會的底線目標進行部署,提出“十三五”時期脫貧攻堅目標任務和要求。“十三五”規劃設立脫貧攻堅專章,國務院組織編制“十三五”脫貧攻堅專項規劃。

中央《決定》重要政策舉措分工方案明確將101項具體任務分解落實到32個牽頭部門和77個參與部門,有關部門目前已出臺93個政策文件或實施方案,涵蓋產業扶貧、易地扶貧搬遷、勞務輸出扶貧、交通扶貧、水利扶貧、教育扶貧、健康扶貧、金融扶貧、土地增減掛鉤等多方面政策措施,全力支持脫貧攻堅。

各省區市都出臺和完善了“1+N”扶貧政策舉措,既有“加強版”、“升級版”,也有“創新版”,對很多老大難問題都切實拿出了過硬舉措,體現了超常規。

三、廣泛動員各方面資源,形成脫貧攻堅投入機制

中央和省級財政專項扶貧資金投入創歷史新高,第一次超過1000億元。中央財政專項扶貧資金增加到667億元,比去年增長43.4%,省級財政專項扶貧資金預算超過400億元,比去年增長50%以上。

加大金融扶貧力度。設立扶貧小額信貸,為建檔立卡貧困戶提供五萬元以下、三年以內、免擔保免抵押、基礎利率放貸、扶貧資金貼息、縣建風險補償金的支持。設立扶貧再貸款,直接帶動貧困戶脫貧的扶貧企業、新型農業經營主體等。發行專項金融債,從易地扶貧搬遷開始,再逐步拓展到貧困地區基礎設施建設和光伏扶貧、旅游扶貧等專項扶貧工程以及其它新型產業。

按照中央部署和要求,積極開辟扶貧開發新的資金渠道,通過擴大中央和地方財政支出規模,增加對貧困地區水、電、路、氣、網等基礎設施建設和提高基本公共服務水平的投入。

強化東西部扶貧協作,東部共有9個省(市)和9個大城市對口幫扶西部10個省(區、市),以及對口支援西藏、新疆和四省藏區。實施定點扶貧,中央層面共有320個單位幫扶592個扶貧開發工作重點縣。全軍和武警部隊已在地方建立2.6萬多個扶貧聯系點。啟動“萬企幫萬村”精準扶貧行動,組織民營企業結對幫扶建檔立卡貧困村。

四、全面實施精準扶貧精準脫貧戰略,形成脫貧攻堅工作機制

著力深化六個精準。為做到扶持對象精準,開展建檔立卡“回頭看”,全國動員近200萬人參與,共剔除識別不準的貧困人口929萬人,補錄807萬人,建檔立卡指標體系逐步完善,數據精準度不斷提高。為做到項目安排精準和資金使用精準,會同最高檢察院開展為期5年的集中整治和加強預防扶貧領域職務犯罪工作。財政部門改革扶貧資金分配方式,審批權限進一步下放到縣。為做到因村派人精準,全國共向貧困村選派駐村工作隊12.8萬個,派出駐村干部54萬多人,健全駐村干部管理機制。為做到措施到戶精準,堅持因地制宜、因戶因人施策、分類扶持,采取多種形式幫助貧困戶增加收入。為做到脫貧成效精準,組織開展2015年扶貧開發成效試考核,委托科研機構開展第三方評估。

全面推進“五個一批”。在產業扶貧方面,把發展產業作為脫貧攻堅的主功方向,支持貧困地區立足當地資源發展特色產業。光伏扶貧、電商扶貧、旅游扶貧等新業態扶貧成效明顯。在勞務輸出脫貧方面,各地加大貧困戶輸出力度,增加貧困戶轉移就業收入,開展勞務協作試點,實行定點培訓、定向輸出、穩定就業。在健康扶貧方面,15部門聯合印發《關于實施健康扶貧工程的指導意見》,組織全國800多個三級醫院一對一幫扶貧困縣醫院,開展建檔立卡貧困人口因病致貧、因病返貧核實核準,進一步摸清底數。在教育扶貧方面,全面改善貧困地區義務教育薄弱學校基本辦學條件,實施鄉村教師支持計劃,貧困地區農村學生營養改善計劃全覆蓋,義務教育鞏固提高,基本實現貧困家庭子女免費接受職業教育、高中教育。在社會兜底扶貧方面,農村低保和扶貧開發兩項制度積極銜接,努力做到應扶盡扶,應保盡保。

Materials for the Press Conference by the State Council Information Office

Progress in Nationwide Rural Poverty Reduction

(October 13, 2016)

The State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation

and Development

The Chinese Communist Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to poverty reduction. In the Central Poverty Alleviation and Development Conference held at the end of November, 2015, General Secretary Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang delivered important speeches. The CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued Decisions on Fighting Poverty (hereafter referred to as Decisions), which made overall arrangements on poverty alleviation during the 13th Five-Year Plan period. Over the past year, the campaign against poverty was carried out comprehensively, with key tasks being fulfilled. Great synergy has been formed between the Party and the whole society in this endeavor.

I. Implement responsibility system at every level and form the poverty alleviation leadership mechanism

Following the central arrangements, poor region Party committees at all levels took povertyreduction as their toppriority. Principal Party and government leaders took charge of the work in the flesh and had truly born the responsibility on their shoulders, grabbed the work in their hands, and remembered the task and targets in their minds. They convened work meetings, in which officials of all levels signed liabilitystatements that define their respective responsibilities. In 21 provinces, principal officials of provincial Party committees and provincial governments took on dual-leadership in the provincial-level Leading Group Office on Poverty Alleviation and Development. These efforts strengthened institutional building and ensured effective actions of 5-level Party secretaries at provincial, municipal, county, township and village levels.

Institutional innovation was emphasized and poverty alleviation approach was improved with the top-level design. General Office of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council released Plans for the Labor Divisionin Implementing the Decisions, Criteria for Evaluating the Performance of Provincial Party Committees and Governments in Poverty-reduction and Development, Opinions on Poverty Exit Mechanisms, Methods of Supervision and Inspections on Poverty-reduction Efforts, and Opinions on Supporting the Coordinated Use of Agricultural-related Budgets in Poor Counties.The State Council Poverty Alleviation Leading Group released Opinions on Establishing Feedback Mechanisms to Deal with Major Poverty-related Incidents. The Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee mapped out poverty-alleviation efforts at grassroots level and issued Notice on Securing the Stability of Principal Officials in Poor Counties during Poverty-reduction Campaign Period.

II. Organize the planning of the 13th Five-Year Plan on Poverty Alleviation and form supportive policy system

The 5th Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee passed Recommendations for the 13th Five-YearPlan for Economic and Social Development, in which it made rural povertyalleviation a minimum target for building a moderately prosperous society and put forward tasks and requirements for poverty eradication during the 13th Five-YearPlan period. The 13th Five-YearPlan dedicated an entire chapter to poverty alleviation, and the State Council made plans specifically for poverty eradication during the 13th Five-YearPlan period.

The Plan for the Labor Division in Implementing the Decisions assigned 101 tasks to 32 leading departments and 77 participating departments. The departments concerned has formulated 93 policy papers or implementation plans, covering industrial development, resettlement, labor export, transportation development, water conservancy, education, health care, financial services and optimization of land use to support poverty-eradication efforts.

Every provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government introduced and improved their 1+N poverty-alleviation measures, with ‘enhanced’, ‘updated’, and also ‘innovative’ versions, which provided pragmatic solutions to many chronic problems.

III. Mobilize resources and formulate the input mechanism of poverty reduction

The central and provincial government funds on poverty alleviation reached a historic high recordand exceeded 100 billion Yuan for the first time ever. The fund from the central budget increased to 66.7 billion Yuan, increased by 43.4% compared with last year; and the provincial budgets exceeded 40 billion Yuan, increased over 50% compared with last year.

Efforts are made to strengthen the endeavor on the financial services to lift people out of poverty. Micro-credit services for poverty reduction were set up to provide guarantee-and-collateral-free loans of up to 50,000 Yuan at base rate with the maximum period of three years. These services enjoyed interest subsidies from the poverty-alleviation fund and county-level risk compensation fund. Central Bank lending to financial institutions for poverty reduction was set up to benefit businesses directly engaged in poverty eradication and newtype of agricultural business owners. Specialized financial bonds were issued. The bonds started from funding resettlement and then moved on to supporting infrastructure development, photovoltaic industries, tourism and other poverty-reduction projects and new industries.

According to the planning of the central government, efforts are made to develop new sources of funding to support poverty reduction endeavors. By expanding public financial transfers, the government increases investment in infrastructure such as water, electricpower, road, gas and Internet access and in basic public services improvement.

The East-West partnership was strengthened. Altogether 9 provinces (and municipalities) and 9 big cities in the East offered pairing assistance to 10 Western provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities), and also support for the Tibet autonomous region, Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region and areas inhabited by Tibetans in four provinces(Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan and Gansu). Designated poverty alleviation measures are reinforced. 320 government organs at the central level helped 592 key poverty-strickencounties. The military and the armed police have set up 26,000focal points at local levels. The campaign of ‘10, 000 businesses helping 10,000 villages’ was launched to organize private businesses to support identified poor villages.

IV. Fully implement poverty alleviation strategies and establish working mechanisms

The strategy of ‘six targeted’ was carried out. To make sure that supported recipients are targeted, we mobilized round 2 million people nationwide to review the set poverty record. Altogether 9.29 million people were removed from the poverty list and another 8.07 million were added. The poverty identification process was improved and the data accuracy increased. To make sure the project arrangement and project capital distribution are targeted, together with the Supreme Court, we launched a five-year campaign to crack down and to prevent work-related crimes by people engaged in the poverty alleviation implementing process. Financial departments reformed fund allocation methods by delegating approval power down to the county-level authorities. To make sure that the dispatches of talents are targeted, altogether 128,000 working groups and 540,000 village-based cadres were dispatched to work in poor villages. The village leader dispatch management mechanisms were further improved. To makes sure that implementationmeasures are targeted, we adjusted the measures to local and household conditions and boost the income of poor households through diversified methods. To make sure that the outcomes of relief efforts are targeted, we reviewed the results of poverty-reduction work in 2015 and commissioned research institutes to conduct third-party evaluations.

The principle of “five-bys” was carried out. To realize industrial poverty alleviation, we supported poor regions’ efforts to develop local specialty industries based on their resources. Poverty reduction by developing the photovoltaic industry, e-commerce, tourism and other new business types proved effective. For poverty alleviation through relocating labors to other places, the localities enhanced labor export to increase the income of poor households. Pilot programs were carried out to train poor population and export them to certain industries with stabilized employment. To achieve poverty reduction by providing health care, 15 governmentdepartments have jointly issued guidelines and mobilized over 800 tertiary hospitals throughout China to offer pairing assistance to hospitals in poor counties. To size up the situation, we checked the facts and figures about illness-induced poverty and those re-trapped into poverty due to illness. For poverty alleviation through education, we improved basic facilities in those schools withweak compulsory education capacities and make sure that the program covering allpoor regions. Village teachers are supported to fulfill their duties. The nutrition improvement scheme for poor rural students had full coverage in poor regions. Compulsory education was improved, and most children from poor families now are able to receive free high school and vocational education. To achieve poverty alleviation by providing social safety network, we integrated the rural subsistence allowances system and productiondevelopment programs to make sure that all people under poverty receive support and social security assistance.



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